Tudor Revival, an outgrowth of the Tudorbethan style (c. 1835-1885), was introduced in England in reaction to the perceived overly ornate Victorian architecture. It appears most often in domestic buildings from around the 1910s through the 1940s. Accordingly, it is culturally related to the advent of the Arts and Crafts movement in mid-19th-century England and the ensuing Mission style and Bungalow style homes found in the United States. Modeled on the more picturesque aspects of medieval cottages and English country houses, Tudor homes feature steeply gabled roofs with exposed dormers and exposed beams on the exterior walls, often filled in with stucco or a brick herringbone pattern. A few Tudor homes have thatched roofs, but the majority of them feature thick shingles that suggest a thatched appearance. In England, this more rustic cottage is also called the Cotswold Cottage, a domestic form popular from the 1890s to 1940s. These revivalist styles are all related to Romantic architecture in their general philosophical principles of nostalgia. This style of house was then introduced in the United States, where it continued to be popular through the 1970s.
   See also TUDOR STYLE.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

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